Sociology Is a science, which helps us understand sexual violence and be aware of our surroundings from a micro perspective. In order to understand sexual violence, we must understand the meaning, identify causes and risks, know the consequences, and we can then start to learn how to prevent it. I will examine in depth based on numerous studies done by psychologists, how society can shape our views and attitude towards life, how nonverbal communication, language and culture can play an Important role in sexual violence. Do you know someone who has been sexually abused? If the answer Is yes, who was the aggressor?
Dominance is the power and influence one can have over others. Based on statistics that will be shared later on, men are more dominant than women and sexual violence is one of the areas where this is reflected. Sexual violence is a terrifying event that has profound health and psychological consequences to the victims, but can be prevented with proper guidance. Sexual violence Is any sexual activity executed against a person’s will (Monoclonal 2013). This can be experienced by anyone at any age, mostly females. The aggressor can be someone very close to the victim, not limited to, a family member, neighbor, o-worker or friend (http://www. Dc. Gob). Sexual violence can include physical acts such as rape, which is undesirable touching, and date rape, that involves someone known. Sexual harassment and threats are another form of violence, but do not involve physical contact. Rape Is a way to show dominance and degrade a person In a sex act. The government’s definition of date rape Is. “the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will (Macaroni 2013). ” Known individuals, in familiar places, perpetrate date rape. It is referred to as, “acquaintance rape” forcibly sexual lenience against women by men they know (Almsman et al. , 1994: The U.
S. Department of Justice, 2011 (Macaroni 2013). This is why we should pay very close attention who we trust and who we relate to. Health can be severely Impacted when sexual violence occurs and Is a major problem In the united States and over the world. It can have profound repercussions on the victims and families involved. According to the Center for Disease and Control and Prevention, yearly, more than 32,000 pregnancies result from rape with complications due to the nature of it. Some long-term physical disadvantages also include back pain, chronic pelvic pain, premenstrual syndrome, and gastrointestinal disorder.
Volts also face psychological problems such as denial, fear, confusion, guilt, and distrust of others. Some victims even consider or complete suicide. Statistics from the Centers for Disease and Prevention Center reflect that sexual violence has become a public issue. According to a nationwide survey, 8% of students have been forced to have sex. Females with 1 1. 8% compared to males with 4. 5% have experienced forced sex in their lifetimes. College women in the United States have experienced rape: about 20% to 25%. The aggressor usually Intimidates victims to keep the secret.
Also happens that they feel embarrassed and think families, friends, Even though these statistics undervalue the problem, we can conclude that women are more affected than men (http://www. CDC. Gob). Several factors are affiliated with higher risks of perpetrating sexual violence, but it doesn’t necessarily mean it will occur. For example, someone who is raised witnessing violence, engaging in early sexual relations or someone who abuses alcohol or uses drugs. Someone who is violent, unsociable, or sexually aggressive is at higher risk.
All of these are behaviors that can induce someone into sexual violence or are consequences following an act of sexual violence. How can these factors and consequences be prevented? Parents have to be more involved in their kid’s life. This way, they can identify patterns of behaviors that can possibly trigger sexual violence. High school students who engage in mentoring programs that focus in healthy sexual relationships are more likely to succeed in these areas. Implementing and adhering to policies that address sexual violence will help alleviate some of society’s stress (http://www. CDC. Gob).
Statistics are a great source to get informed, but unreported cases might be close to us without knowing. Sexual violence is a very traumatic event in someone’s life that can be prevented. There are ways to overcome the physical and psychological damages. This is why keeping youngsters focused and informed is extremely important. Society needs to work together for a common cause. Today can be a stranger, but tomorrow can be someone known. If we are more proactive on making sure the goals are accomplished, we can get better results. Communication is the key factor to having success in personal and professional legislations throughout life.
There are ways to express what we feel using nonverbal communication; the communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech (Macaroni 2013). Although sometimes a message can be misinterpreted, nonverbal communication is a tool that can be used to help us connect with others, construct, and reinforce relationships. Our gestures, facial expressions, eye contact, and the tone of voice are an effective way to express feelings. There are elements of nonverbal communication that are significant to enhance communication and to prevent inaccurate sexual gesture signals.
Facial expressions are expressive ways to show how we feel. Showing when we are happy, surprised, sad, and angry can be easily noticed and are basically the same to all cultures. Some gestures vary from culture to culture and this is a reason why it can leads to misunderstanding. For example, some people shrug their shoulders to show they don’t understand what someone is referring to, in other parts of the country this means they don’t know. When we wave our arms is a way to tell someone to hurry up, but in other countries it means goodbye.
Eye contact is a signal to show someone that we are really listening and understanding him or her. A person’s tone of voice indicates how nervous, confident, and empathetic they really feel (Macaroni 2013). The way we communicate with signals that are sent with body language can sometimes lead to misinterpretation. It can affect the way people are treated, respected, and how much trust is earned. Confusing signals can be transmitted without a person knowing. For example, a person can say they are not feeling Not making eye contact when telling a story or explaining a scenario shows someone s not being honest (Macaroni 2013).
Lynn Richards, a writer for Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, conducted a research on the relationship of nonverbal communication and victim selection for sexual assault. She found that sentimental weakness alters an aggressor’s impression of social interaction. Research revealed that men and women have different intuitive impact based upon visual cues. For example, men accentuate more in sexuality while glancing at photographs, while women focus on social class attributes. Men perceive most erotic insinuation during a male-female interaction Agiler-Evans and Damrosch (1978: Richards, L).
Susan Kaiser (1985) noted severe possible consequences resulting from these men and women intuitive differences. “If both sexes do not agree on the cues used to sexually attract, misinterpretations can result that can have implications for interactions. Although these attributions may be merely annoying in everyday situations, they take on added importance considering crimes such as rape” (p. 48) Sexual assault selection depends on different characteristics portrayed by the victims. Studies showed that women who display low level of psychosocial effect are ore susceptible to rape.
A study was done to 646 in-rape behavior victims and it was found that more than half of them were obeisant, instead of defiant (Emir, M. (1975) Richards, L. ) Another 62 women who were raped by someone unknown were interviewed and also showed large patterns of obeisant behavior (Cohn, B (1975): Richards, L. ). There is an unfavorable relationship between approaches of traits that could be defined as contributing to a nonverbal appearance of susceptibility. Men distinguish beautiful women as lower in obeisant, unpredictability, simplicity, and inattention, than their coequal.
It suggests that traditional interpretation of physical appeal do not represent visual attributes that increase a woman’s chances of factorization (Miller, A. 1970: Richards, L). Nonverbal communication can definitely be improved. Some situations can be stressful and therefore we say or send the wrong message without really meaning it. We can also misread other people. This is why taking time to think and reflect about a situation is the best option. Once a person regained control of thoughts and feelings, can better deal with the situation positively.
If actions and body language match up tit what is said, there will be fewer misunderstandings and the chances of gaining respect will be much higher. It is important to learn to communicate properly. In our everyday life, there will be challenges that we need to overcome. Sending the correct nonverbal signals will help us not only gain trust, but also have confidence in ourselves. Is not what is communicated, but how information is communicated that makes a huge difference on how people interpret it. If we say what we feel and feel what we say, our personal and professional relationships will be reinforced.
Culture would not exist without engage. It is through language that we are able to transmit cultural meanings. It contributes to social evolution and it is essential to give members of society sense of identity. Language is not only a way to communicate; it is also the heart of a symbolic system in use by all human societies (Macaroni, 2013). Does language influence how certain situations change. To determine if people from different language speaking countries think and interpret their surroundings differently, psychologists conducted some studies that will be explained later on.
The languages we speak shape our respective of life and reflect how we express our thoughts. The way we express any type of feelings or thoughts, might feel different if said in Spanish rather than English or vice versa. It is the components of sentences like vocabulary and grammar that makes it difficult for a smooth and direct translation. This also happens because there are a variety of words and phrases throughout Latin America that convey different meanings to different countries. For example, the sidewalk in Mexico means “banquet or cero” and in Spain this means “bench. A knob (of a drawer) in most of he countries mean “peril” but in Spain “peril” is a goatee. If we were to translate these words from Spanish into English, the translation would be totally different from each other, depending on the country. Edward Sapid and Benjamin Whorl, both American linguists, claimed that people who speak difference languages experience the world differently. According to them, language has its own distinctive symbols that serve as building blocks of reality. They also noted that each symbolic system has its own words or expressions not found in any other symbolic system (Macaroni 013).
Stanford University psychologists Lear Broodiest and Alice Gabby, traveled to the community of Aboriginal in Australia. They showed Hebrew speakers sets of pictures with physical developments so they can arrange it to show the correct order. They were tested in two separate sessions, each time facing in a different direction: not aware of what direction they were facing. Hebrew speakers arranged time from right to left and English speakers from left to right. They also found that language also shapes the way we understand causality.
For example, English speakers like to scribe events in terms of agents doing things, for example “Louise broke the table. ” Spanish and Japanese speakers are more likely to say, “The table broke itself. ” This has a significant impact on how people interpret and understand episodes (http:// online. Was]. Com/article). Thoughts are also shaped by patterns. According to another study, Russians are able to distinguish certain colors more than other cultures, like different shades of blue. Some people from Brazil are not able to track exact quantities of items.
Their language voids the number of words instead the unspecific umber terms like, a few and many. “And Shakespeare, it turns out, was wrong with roses: Roses by many other names (as told to blindfolded subjects) do not smell as sweet” (http://online. Was]. Com/article). It is important to understand that every culture will interpret life based on their norms. There are approximately seven thousand languages in the world. Studies show that even though languages have their own symbolic system, it does not determine reality and it doesn’t necessarily mean people who talk differently think in different ways.
Language is a tool used by us to suit our win needs. What is swearing? Swearing is using language as a weapon to force a listener to think unpleasant or at least in an emotionally charged thought (Steven Pinker Video). Someone who has been raised without using profanity words will be in shock to hear them. The same happens with sexual violence. Someone constructed in our society, especially in the United States that hears the words “l have been raped,” have a traumatic reaction because these are considered taboo words. Taboo words hemisphere, basal ganglia, and the amazedly (Steven Pinker Video).
This means meson’s culture is relevant to how sexual violence is perceived. In conclusion, society definitely has the power to shape our views and attitude towards life. There is a strong relationship of nonverbal communication and the selection of victims for sexual assault as there are characteristics portrayed by victims that can be inaccurate. Language can be a barrier between cultures, but if society gets educated, nonverbal communication can be improved and sexual violence can be prevented. Nonverbal communication and language play a significant role in sexual violence, as this is part of an individual’s culture.