A resume is a written summary of your experiences and skills relevant to the Job you are applying for. It highlights your accomplishments to show a potential employer that you are qualified for the work you want. It is not a biography of everything you have done. Its purpose is to get you an interview.
Common parts of a resume
- Name-? students must put their name In at least 14-point size (or 2 to 6 points larger than the rest of the text), making It easy for employers to see the name. Place the name on the first line of the page. The traditional place to put the name Is at the pop center, but many now prefer to right justify it so when their resume lands in a folder, their name is clearly visible.
- Address-?elf they are still in school, students must be sure to include both their school address and their home/ permanent address where they can be reached during school vacations or after they graduate from college. Students must also avoid post office boxes because the employer might suspect that they are holding something.
- Email-?students must Include an independent email address that is not associated with their school (or work), so they an check their email even during school vacations if they are still studying. Also when typing, they should avoid the (automatic) hyperlink under their email address-? the line under their email should not be included. However, if students use their online account-?say, from Google/ Gamma-?they must make sure their member profile doesn’t contain anything Incriminating, embarrassing or Inappropriate.
- Phone number-?A mobile/cell phone number or landlines number Is a must. If they don’t have one or if their contact number is likely to change soon, students must list the umber of a family member or close friend willing to function as their answering service. And if in case they are already working and they leave a work number, they must be certain that they won’t get busted for conducting a Job hunt on the Job. Thus, a private direct/extension phone line at work will help.
- Degree-?elf they have fleshed professional/post-graduate studies and their academic degree sets them apart from other Job applicants-?Like “Ph. D. “, “M. A. Deed. ” or “R. N. “-?putting the initials after their name can be a nice technique. However, in Jobs squiring a college education, listing “B. S. ” or “B. A. ” after their name will serve no purpose.
- Job objective-?Since this is optional, if students are not clear on their career goals, they should probably not include a Job objective on their resume.
Instead, students should work with a career advisor to focus their Interests. However, If they should Include one, students must focus on what they have to offer rather than on what the job can offer them. Although this may sound backwards, employers are not so much interested in what applicants hope to get out of a job, so much as hey want to know whether applicants fit their organization’s needs. Job objectives come in two types: descriptive and titled. Descriptive job objectives briefly describe the type of Job they’re interested In, while titled Job descriptions name the Job title.
When applying to a company that has no specific positions open, a descriptive Job adjective works D
- Education-?This section should always go first on their resume, as long as students are in school (or if they are alumni from particularly prestigious schools/programs and graduates of the employer’s alma mater). If they have long graduated from college, this section may depend on whether their education was relevant to their career field and how impressive their work experience has been in the years after they finished school.
If students have recently received a graduate/professional degree, their education would usually go at the top of their resume. Similarly, if they have taken courses outside their major-?short/diploma/ certificate/vocational courses -?that are relevant to the Job, students would definitely benefit from including them. For those who are still finishing academic programs, they may list the anticipated completion date. Significant honors and awards can also be included as a sub- category of their education section.
- Work history/experience-?students must not limit this section to paid work experience alone, especially if they are still in college or a recent graduate. Employers understand that the most valuable/challenging experiences often occur in internships, on-the-Job trainings, volunteer work, and other extra-curricular activities. They may present this part in chronological or national format, depending on their needs. Trade licenses or board exams passed can also be included as a sub-category of their work section.
- References-?They must include a references list of at least three persons and have it available, in case an employer asks for it. Students should not write “References available upon request” on their resume as this technique went out of style a long time ago.
For a chronological resume:
- Dates-?The dates of employment they give can be listed by year only-?months not included, especially if students have had many Jobs in a short amount of time. By using years as their only record of time, it’s possible to erase embarrassing unemployment gaps while presenting their work experience.
For example, instead of a short work period such as “November 2003-January 2004: Computer Programmer”, they get the much smoother and more impressive “2003-2004: Computer Programmer”.
- Titles-?Each work history paragraph/sub-section should be titled with either the name of their former company or the title of their Job/position, depending on which one they feel will be most impressive to the employer. Whichever they choose, the aroma must be consistent throughout their resume.
- Promotions-?when students list Job promotions on their resume, they could list the company name first, followed by Job titles in separate paragraphs to highlight the recognition and the individuality of each position. Similarly, Job awards-?no matter how petty-?are an excellent way of distinguishing themselves from the competition.
- Specificity-?The more specific their resume is, the better. To give employers a much clearer idea of the type and scale of work they did, students must give specific company names, organizational visions/units/departments, regions/ locations, dates, and even technical equipment they’ve used.
Facts and figures are also a great way to grab the attention of the resume reader-?considering that numbers offer concrete statements about their Job productively I en lingo-?using Insider terminology/vocabulary/Jargon wanly TN employer can comprehend is an excellent way to signal to them that they are an experienced professional with industry knowledge. However, if students do not really understand what they’re talking about, they must drop the lingo.
After their Job title, students must list their achievements: their responsibilities, the contributions they made to the company’s success, the skills they learned, and the distinctions they earned.
- Fruit of the labor-?whether it’s a company’s products, publications or events, naming whatever it was that the students assisted in making/ accomplishing is a good way to qualify their statements of success. As for a functional resume: 1) Skills list-?while such resume format may offer more freedom in presenting the students’ skills/attributes than the chronological one, that doesn’t mean that they can resent all of their expertise at random.
Students must first divide their work experience into categories that best describe what types of skill they’ve acquired. Then, they create skill groups to match. The key is to figure out what skills the Job requires and what the company is looking for in an employee. Next, in listing the positions they’ve held, students may arrange them in any order as long as they put the date at either the beginning or end of the information (position title, company name). As a tip, they may put the information they would most like the reader to now on the left side of their resume-?where they will be read first-?and the least on the right.
For instance, if they have been unemployed for more than a year, putting the dates to the right may be a good idea. Types of electronic resume A fully-formatted text resume (created in word-processing software) can be converted to the following formats: A plain-text resume (ASCII resume) when applying for Jobs by email or submitting your resume via a form on the Web. A Schnabel resume, printed on paper, in a format that can be easily scanned into a computer database. An ASCII (pronounced “ASK-e”) resume is the plainly formatted, unadorned resume that students may send over the Internet.
They may use a plain-text resume if students are applying for a Job through an email link, entering a resume onto most job databases on the Web (like Jobs. Com), or when an employer has asked them to email their resume-?placing it in the body of their email message, preceded by their cover letter. Remind students to never send a resume as an attachment to their email, unless an employer specifically instructs them to do so. As for a Schnabel resume, few employers go to the trouble and expense of scanning paper resumes into a computer database.
However, when an employer requests that they mail a resume through the postal system, ask if they would prefer a fully-formatted resume or a Schnabel resume. If they do not know the answer, students may want to send both types, adding the words “Schnabel Resume” at the bottom of one. It must have no extra formatting: no bullets, no italics, no boldface, no underlining, no fancy fonts, no tabbed columns, and the like. RESUME VS.. C. V A resume is a one- or two-page document that lists your experience and education in a concise form.
A C.V. contains three or more pages and may be required when: ; applying to graduate school ; providing information related to professional activities ; creating proposals for grants ; applying for academic positions Say that though the C.V. (curriculum vitae) has traditionally been limited to those who have completed a Ph. D. (Doctorate, or are pursuing one), many more employers are now asking for C.v. from their applicants with only a Masters or even a Bachelor’s agree. A C.V. should only be used when specifically requested.