Poetic Devices

When words are arranged in such a way that they make a pattern or beat. Example: Break, Break, Break At the foot at thy crag, Oh sea! I’m making a pizza the size of the sun. Hint: hum the words instead of saying them. IV. Rhyme When words have the same end sound. Happens at the beginning, end, or middle of lines. Examples: Where, Bear; Fair, Air; Glare The nuts are getting brown. The rose is out of town. V. Alliteration When the first sounds in words repeat. Example: Peter Piper picked a pickled pepper. We lurk late. We shoot straight. VI. Consonance When consonants repeat In the middle or end of words.

Vowels: a, e, l, o, u, and sometimes y. Consonants: all other letters. Mammals named Sam are clammy. Curse, bless me now! With fierce tears I prey. The repetition of the same vowel sounds in lines or verse. EXAMPLES: Happy the man whose wish and care A few paternal acres bound Practice Quiz I’ll put some lines of poetry on the board. Write down which techniques are used: Alliteration, consonance, rhythm, rhyme, and onomatopoeia. Some poems use more than one technique. The cuckoo in our cuckoo clock was wedded to an octopus. She laid a single wooden egg and hatched a solicitousness.

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Answers: Repetition, rhythm, rhyme, consonance, and light alliteration. They are building a house half a block down and I sit up here with the shades down listening to the sounds, the hammers pounding in nails, thick thick thick thick, and then I hear birds, and thick thick thick, Answers: Onomatopoeia, consonance, repetition very little love is not so bad or very little life what counts is waiting on walls I was born for this I was born to hustle roses down the avenues of the dead. Answers: Alliteration, repetition The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy;

But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. Answers: Rhythm, rhyme, light alliteration Homework! Oh, homework! I hate you! You stink! I wish I could wash you away in the sink. Answers: Repetition, Rhyme, Rhythm Figurative Language Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is feeling about its subject. Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.

Recognizing Literal Language Vive eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst! ” In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means “exact” or “not exaggerated. ” By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language. What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Types of Figurative Language Imagery Simile Metaphor Alliteration

Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. 1. Simile A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands. 2. Metaphor A figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert. 3.

Alliteration Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken. 4. A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: “The wind yells while blowing. ” The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell. 5. Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud aka-boom! 6. Hyperbole reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: She’s said so on several million occasions. 7. Synecdoche

Use of a part of an object to stand for a whole Example: Two heads are better than one. I will ask for her hand. 8. Trope Similarity between two objects is implied but not described; it’s only one word. The windows of the house glared at him. 9. IRONY Stating one thing while meaning the exact opposite; usually with a humorous or sarcastic side Examples: He was no notorious evildoer but he was twice in Jail. What a great day! 10. Idioms An idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language.