An Implied or Indirect reference to a person, event, or thing that has to do with another part of a text. Can be direct quotes or It can be Indirect things that are Implied. Most are from commonly known pieces of literature or history. Example: “but now he found that he committed himself to the following of a grail” The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Function: In this example, Fitzgerald alludes to the Holy Grail. What this does is show how important Daisy is to Gatsby.
The Holy Grail is biblically one of the most treasured items ever. Fitzgerald use allusion to show just how much Gatsby wants Daisy. Smile: a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid. Example: “be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow” Hamlet by William Shakespeare AH. SSL . 138-139. Function: In this example, Shakespeare Is using a sleek to show how Hamlet feels about Aphelia. Chaste means obtaining from extramarital, or from all, sexual intercourse.
Hamlet says that Just as ice, that Aphelia should not being giving p her virginity to anyone that like snow she should be pure. Snow is one of the most beautiful things in this world so when telling someone the should be as pure as snow its really telling you that you have to be one of the most amazing people in the world. Shakespeare used simile to show how highly hamlet thought of Aphelia. Representing something abstract. Example: believed in the green light” The Great Gatsby (128). By F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Function: In the Great Gatsby, the green light is probably one of the most important symbols. Green is the color of hope and it iris appears when Gatsby stares across the bay towards a green light at the end of his dock. Later on in the book, we find out that that light belongs to Daisy Buchanan dock. In the novel, this green light represents Gatsby hope to meet Daisy again and a chance to win her back. The green light appears all though out this novel helps readers understand Gatsby hopes of regaining the love that he so long ago lost.
Metaphor: A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that it is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise unrelated object. Example: The Savage nodded. L ate civilization. ” (Huxley 241). Brave New World by Aloud Huxley. Function: in the brave new world Huxley uses a metaphor to tell the readers what John the savage is going through. When he enters the new world he sees the beauty in the world state. But as the book progresses he starts to see all of the bad in the new world. I this quote John is sick because he has been integrated into this society that he does not have the mentality for.
He has “ate” the society because he can’t understand the world state. Metonymy: is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is called not by its own name but rather by the name of something associated in meaning with that thing or concept Example: “My crown, my own ambition, and my queen. ” – Claudia Hamlet (AH, SO) by William Shakespeare. Function: in the play hamlet Claudia wanted to be king above all. Shakespeare uses metonymy to show Just how much he did want that. In the quote it shows that these re the Claudia wants.
He associates what he wants Synecdoche: is a figure of speech in which a term for a part of something refers to the whole of something, or vice-versa Example: “So the whole ear of Denmark/ Is by a urged process of my death [Rankly , SO, 41-43). Hamlet by William Shakespeare. Function: in this play Hamlet Shakespeare refer to the king as Denmark. By doing this it lets the reader know that the king is not only a man but a symbol. As the king he is given the state of Denmark but he is not Just the ruler of it he is what they are. All his people look to him. By using this devise it shows the reader see this.
Aside: a remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play. Example: “My God! . Them worthless. Hamlet (AH. SO. UP) by William Shakespeare. Function: Hamlet is a type of character that talks to himself a lot that is the way the readers see it but really that he is doing is letting them see in to his prospective on the issue at hand. By using this Shakespeare shows us Just what hamlet wants and how he feels about it. If not for putting this in the play the reader would be lost on why Hamlet is doing the things that he is. Opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect. Example: “O brave new world that has such people in it. Let’s start at once. ” (P. 139)Brave New World by Aloud Huxley. Function: Huxley uses irony to show what John feels in this book. John is so excited when Bernard tells him that he can go back with Lenin and himself to the world state. He thinks it will be better than the way he lives now. The irony presents the reader with what John is feeling, even though the reader knows that the world state is not what he thinks it is. It is drastically different than what he is used to.
The author sets John up for disappointment that he does not know about. Personification: the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to mouthing nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form. Example: “above the grey land and the spasms of bleak dust you perceive the eyes of Doctor. T. J. Cocklebur. The eyes are blue and gigantic their retinas are one yard high. They look out of no face, but, instead, from a pair of enormous yellow spectacles which pass over a nonexistent nose. But his eyes brood on over the solemn dumping ground. ” (22,off. ) The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Function: The eyes are described as human eyes would be, exchanging looks with characters ND witnessing all things. In this book Fitzgerald uses this type of literary device show what this poster board represents. By making these eyes life like they help the reader see Just how troubled all the characters are. Paradox: a statement or proposition that, despite sound (or apparently sound) reasoning from acceptable premises, leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory.