Legal Factors

Legal Factors seriousness of the offense frequency of the offense prior or current system involvement extralegal factors: race gender: protective and chivalry factor socioeconomic status age other factors: demeanor family situation victim or citizen complaint departmental style/policy goal peer associations police can search and seize a juvenile with parental consent united states vs.. Mattock 1974 parents may not be able to give consent of search and seizure if the child is paying room and board making schools safe school partnerships with criminal and Juvenile justice systems earaches and seizures in schools Everyone school district vs.. Acton random drug testing on athletes -urinalysis Pottawatomie vs.. Earls drug tests for any extracurricular activities New Jersey vs.. TOOL School officials only need reasonable doubt to search belongings and person Can get dog to sniff exterior of car or look from outside of car Metal detectors Used in only 1% of schools People V. Parker – Illinois court way and it does not give a cop reasonable suspicion to search you. Miranda Have right to stop talking at any given time if they decide to talk Fingerprinting

Some states allow for destroying of Juvenile printings DNA Some states allow for DNA collection but cannot be entered into federal database Lineups Must include at least 5 people of same sex, same clothing, and random selection of people Media Info can be released if they are being charged as an adult Purpose for Juvenile transfer serious and violent Juveniles chronic offenders cannot and do not benefit from rehabilitation factors influencing transfer seriousness of offense prior record youths responsiveness to treatment community protection mount and quality of evidence maturity of the Juvenile victim influence transfers and procedure.

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Types of Juvenile placements pre-adjudication placements for delinquents adult Jails ( short term, secure) youth shelters ( short term, non-secure) detention centers (short term, secure) cost-adjudication placements for delinquents diagnostic facilities (short term, secure) transfer facilities (short term, secure) stabilization facilities (short term, secure) state school and Juvenile correctional facilities (long term, secure) Juvenile boot ranches and forestry (long-term, secure) transition facilities (short term, secure) adult prisons (long-term, secure) placements for non-delinquents such placements may include youth shelters, foster homes, group homes, mental health facilities, substance abuse facilities the concept of hidden delinquents Pariah vs… JAR The civil commitment of delinquents Less due process right than delinquents facing of losing freedom Clear and convincing evidence – lesser standard Mental-health facilities Overcrowding Rhodes vs… Chapman 1981 adjudication, despite potential Overcrowding is not unconstitutional unless it interferes with sanitation, delivery of medical care, food, or increases inmate violence Probation Standard conditions; Given to everyone Don’t associate with other people on probation Random drug testing Specialized conditions: Anger management Therapy