The digital divide is the fact that some people have easy access to computers and all the benefits that they provide, while many other people are cut off from them because of poverty or living In underdeveloped countries or rural areas without Internet access (Bowels, 2010). This paper will focus on the availability of access to the Internet instead of access to a computer with the intent of using the Internet.
There are different forms of digital divide and different types of people affected by it. Viable solutions have been put into place. They are being tracked for effectiveness and, according to research data, are working well. Over the last two decades, the gap in the digital divide has lessened considerably, but It does still affect a great number of people. The digital delve presents Itself In several forms. Age and education are the two most prevalent forms (Complain, 2001). In relation to age and education, the divide is best seen between today’s typical teenager and the grandparents of that en.
The gap can result from a lack of education in how to use the available technologies and/or from the amount of technical expertise a person has. This gap is small though. According to a study conducted in 2009, 33% of adults between the ages of 18-24 spend between 8-15 hours/week online vs… 21% of adults ages 65+ In 2000, a study revealed that one In five American adults does (waters, 2009). Not use the Internet. Among those adults, almost half of elderly people who purposefully do not access the internet say that they don’t feel the Internet is accessory or relevant to them.
Most of them have never used the internet and neither has anyone in their home. This clearly shows a lack of education and technology to their reason for not using the Internet (Digital Differences, 2012). Low income families in the U. S. Experience the digital divide as well. The difference in the gap though is in how the internet is accessed. In 2012, a study conducted found that 85% of adults are Internet users. Of those, 73% of people earned less than $OAK/year and 95% earned $OAK-$OAK/year.
Relatively speaking, that isn’t a significant gap. The digital divide is more prevalent when you compare how the different income groups access the internet. 43% of the under $OAK group access the internet mostly with their cell phone whereas only 15% of the $OAK-$OAK group did the same. For the most part, the higher income groups access the internet via something else (a tablet, desktop, laptop, etc. ). Half of African-American cell internet users do most of their online browsing on their phone; that is double the proportion for whites.
Since internet access is traveling around in their parents’ pocket, children in low income implies are less likely to have access to the internet (Rainier, 2013). Finally, the digital divide is present within the government of the United States. Most recently, this divide was witnessed during the 2013 tax season. Those people who have access to the Internet were able to e-file free of charge and receive a return via direct deposit. This process is considerably quicker than mailing in a return and waiting for a paper check to come in the mail.
In the same category, those taxpayers who are comfortable enough filing their own taxes can do so with the help of Internet based ax programs. The IRS even has a portion of their website dedicated to Frequently Asked (tax) Questions (Fag’s) that can be accessed at any time of the day or night. Our local governments are also using the Internet to keep their constituents informed and a surprisingly large number of people are showing interest. Approximately 40% of adult Internet users have gone online for data regarding government spending and activities (Government Online, 2010).
Conversely, those local government agencies with lower median incomes and higher poverty regenerates are less likely to have a web presence. This indicates that efforts to reduce the digital divide in terms of citizen access to the Internet may not guarantee equal access to government services (Is There, 2012). All the different forms of digital divide affect people in different ways. Not all of the consequences are from a lack of Internet availability, however. For instance, those people who are consider impoverished are less likely to use the Internet for the purpose of searching for a Job than are the people in higher income brackets.
They are also less likely to seek out uncial counseling via the web than their wealthier counterparts. This type of scenario is also a contributor to the digital divide. I. How are people affected a. Poverty level people b. People in rural areas c. Elderly: They don’t believe that there is anything of benefit for them on the Internet, so they choose not to use it. D. Teachers/vs.. Students counties (governmental)