Historically, type 2 diabetes was only diagnosed In older adults, generally after the age of 45. It was previously believed that diabetes would only affect the older population as the disease was called “Adult Onset Diabetes”. However, in the modern world, there are a growing number of cases of younger people and children being diagnosed dally. Type 2 diabetes typically goes unnoticed for years before patients start to realize the symptoms and consult with heir doctor.
The Problem Type 2 Diabetes Is a growing epidemic in this country. With a population of approximately 90% of the people diagnosed with diabetes, it is growing more every day. About 1 million new cases occur every year. Diabetes or complications from the disease cause about 200,000 deaths a year. Most people do not even know they have the disease due to the symptoms not being very clear. Symptoms can range from excessive thirst that then leads to frequent urination, hunger, more susceptible to infections, and tiredness.
It is easy to confuse these symptoms with normal every day behavior such as being thirsty, feeling stressed, and tired. The majority of patients diagnosed are adults, over the age of 45 years, and Hispanic or African Americans. If diabetes goes untreated for a long period of time there are detrimental effects. When there is a high amount of glucose in a patient’s body that insulin cannot remove it and it is pushed into the kidneys to act as a filter to remove it. This causes extreme wear on the organs of the body.
Some of the worst long-term effects are blindness, amputation of limbs or toes, kidney failure, and nerve damage. The Causes Diabetes has many causes. Genetics, obesity, and pregnancy are the top causes of this disease. There are different theories about the causes of the disease. Genetics Is the top theorized cause. A predisposition runs in families. There are several genes that are identified as a cause and even more are under study to determine their effect. If a person’s relatives have diabetes, there is a huge chance they also will develop the Illness In their lifetime.
Certain ethnic groups. Such as African Americans. Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Japanese Americans are also genetically predisposed and have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Obesity Is another theory for the cause. Having excessive weight puts a person at a greater risk of developing health Issues. Being overweight can put more pressure on the body to control blood sugar. Obesity is a poorly researched and a complex theory about the cause of diabetes but there is an unmistakable link between the two.
It is believed that the same things that cause obesity – lack of exercise and a high calorie diet – can also cause diabetes. Pregnancy Is also a cause In which a pregnant woman develops diabetes. During the second half of her pregnancy and it makes her more likely later in life to develop OFF but this also makes women more susceptible to develop diabetes later on in life. Diabetes during pregnancy indicates the woman will likely have a larger baby. Other key factors, much like type 2 diabetes, for developing gestational diabetes is the woman’s age, her weight, ethnicity and family history.
The older she is during pregnancy the more likely she is to develop diabetes. Treatment and Prevention Treatment for diabetes can be as simple as managing weight and exercising or it can be as complicated as a strict medicine regimen or insulin. For a patient to reach heir blood glucose levels they must pay strict attention to their diet and get plenty of exercise. This alone can be enough to maintain a healthy level so the patient does not require any further treatments. Patients who require medicine to help maintain their levels can take oral medication, insulin, or both to help the maintenance.
There are numerous oral medications for treatment available on the market. Each one focuses on a specific part of the body such as the liver, the stomach, and the pancreas. The medications that work with the liver promote storing glucose inside of the liver instead of in the ells of the body where resistance is high. Medications that work with the stomach help to prevent the absorption of starches during digestion. The pancreas, which is the main distributor of insulin within the body, can work well with medication to help stimulate the release of the body natural insulin.
Depending on the type of diabetes and how it is affecting the patient’s body will determine what type of medication their doctor will prescribe. When oral medications no longer work to control a healthy level, insulin is then prescribed to maintain the disease. A patient an inject insulin numerous times a day dependent on their sugar level or they can use a long acting insulin that is slowly released throughout the day. Patients can get a specialized treatment plan and see endocrinologists to help them understand the disease and how to control it.
Ultimately, it is up to the patient to take responsibility for their daily care and to monitor their blood sugar levels to ensure their treatment is working properly. Preventing diabetes is as simple as controlling weight, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Exercising for 30 minutes on a routine basis can also alp to have a healthy lifestyle and help to maintain the healthy weight range needed in prevention. Maintaining a healthy weight can put less stress on the body and help to prevent the disease.
Carbohydrate intake also plays a key factor in the body processing of sugar. Too many crabs in the body can send it into overload and help to push the disease into effect. By decreasing the fat intake during meals to less than 30 percent can help to maintain a healthy weight and prevent high cholesterol levels. There are many things a patient can do with diet and exercise to help stay healthy and keep the disease from developing. Conclusion Diabetes is a very serious disease that should not be ignored.
Many complications such as amputations, heart attacks, and even death come with not managing this disease. The illness can take a huge toll on a patient if left untreated. There are many programs available for diabetic patients to help understand the disease and how to properly care for it. Health insurances sometimes make it tough to have preventative care for the disease and it falls in the hands of the patient to take the first steps in time to learn, maintain, and prevent everything that comes with this disease.