Accessibility occurs through electronic communication devices, whereas traditional lulling usually occurs face to face (Wong-Lo & Bullock, 2011). I am very concerned about Justice for young people who are intentionally harassed, repeatedly over a period of time, through the use of computers, cell phones, and other form of electronic communication devices. My purpose Is to outline a crime volts policy for these volts. I intend to define these victims clearly, point to statistics relative to the crimes against them, and analyze the context in which the crime occurs.
I will state how victims might contribute to the crimes against them, describe the impact of the rime on society, and list proposed victim assistance to back up my new crime victim policy. Accessibility is an advanced form of bullying that targets mostly teens and young adults. Over half of teens and young adults have been bullied at school. The advancement in technology has also contributed and facilitated the way some Individuals follow their victims and continue the harassment online.
Also the rise of the Internet and social media has changed the nature of social interaction between teens and people in general. The majority of teens own devices that provide easy access to the Internet, making them more vulnerable to become victims of accessibility (Llanos, 2012). The technology has allowed many teens to take the bullying that thrives in schoolyard and hallways into cyberspace. Teens should be more careful when using electronic devices and not leaving such in plain view for others to see or use without their consent.
Parents need to talk to their children about the risk of becoming a volts of accessibility and how to protect themselves and speak up. Some teens may feel that it is their fault; therefore they will not report the abuse to an adult or friends. They cannot deal with the embarrassment and sense of guilt and end up, in some cases, committing suicide (Llanos, 2012). Online harassment can affect any age group, but teens seem to be more vulnerable to online attacks. An estimated forty-three percent of teens are being affected by accessibility each year.
Victims are two to nine times more likely to consider committing suicide. Some teens want to be accepted by their peers and when they find themselves being shipbuilder, It may create stress, frustration, and anger that may negatively impacts other areas of psychological development. The emotional consequences teens may experience go beyond the schoolyard and virtually enter into every aspect of their lives. In addition to causing psychological harm and reason, accessibility should be criminality by amending existing harassment laws or drawing new laws entirely (Wong-Lo & Bullock, 2011).
Although New York State has existing criminal and tort laws that can help victims of accessibility, these legal remedies are not suitable to solve this new and evolving problem. In order to address accessibility, legislators must bring the state’s harassment statute up to ate, give bullies a concrete reason to stop their online antics, and provide victims and prosecutors with laws that can be enforced against this new method of bullying (NY Penal Law 5240. 31 The new Crime Victim Policy should be based on the New York State Aggravated Harassment law.
The aggravated harassment statute address any conduct that is done repeatedly with the intent to harass, annoy, or alarm another person, but it does not specifically address the type of harassment that takes place online (NY Penal Law 5240. 31 Currently, 49 states have laws against bullying but only 18 include “accessibility”; 47 states include electronic harassment, 12 states have criminal sanctions for bullies, and 49 states requires school policy. On July 2012 former New York State Governor David A.
Paterson signed the Dignity for All Students Act (DADS), which aims to provide students with a safe school environment by requiring school districts to adopt policies, training programs, and guidelines to prevent harassment, hostile environment, and or verbal threats. Although DADS provided all of the benefits to prevent bullying, it did not specify the yep of bullying that takes place on the Internet or via other electronic devices (Chandler, 2013). That same gap can be seen in the New York State Aggravated Harassment law.
The missing component of both laws regarding accessibility leaves the door open for a more violent type of harassment that Just a physical confrontation. Although New Work’s harassment laws address any conduct that is done repeatedly “with [the] intent to harass, annoy, or alarm another person” a victim of accessibility must have to prove that he or she was subject to more than Just unpleasant communication, the harassment must also have occurred repeatedly and, f convicted, the offense is classified as a violation or a class B misdemeanors at the most.
Such punishment does not come to close the ordeal a victim of accessibility has endured. Contrary, aggravated harassment in the first degree is a class E felony, and the frequency of such behavior does not necessarily have to be repeatedly, it could Just be a one-time incident (NY Penal Law 5240. 31 The statute also address communication, however, in order to fall onto accessibility, such communication must have been initiated by the harasser, but sometimes it is impossible to prove how the communication first started.
Another gap in the aggravated harassment statute is that does not address nor prevent the distribution of harmful material about an individual (NY Penal Law 5240. 31 . While legislators need to take a closer look at existing laws and/or enact new laws, accessibility can only be eradicated with the help of parents, citizens, school teachers, leaders, and activist, even other students. Teens need to stand up for themselves and others.
When they see or hear that someone is being a victim of accessibility, they should stop it, if possible, and notify an adult so that proper action against the bully can be taken. Due to the alarming spike in teen suicide, more organizations and advocates have become involved in efforts to raise problem sometimes begins at home (Robinson, 2013). There are many other ways to help preventing accessibility. Online providers should effectively monitor their sites in order to detect harmful behavior and protect the privacy of their users.
Besides enacting laws to protect victims of accessibility, parents should teach their children kindness, empathy, and respect. Parents should become more involved in monitoring young people’s online activities. Education begins at home. If parents cannot teach their children responsibility and respect, chances are they could become bullies later on. Offensive behavior toward another person should not be tolerated. Schools should strengthen their policies and ensure that all students are protected while they are in school premises and surrounding areas (Robinson, 2013).
Fortunately, there are many resources available for people who are involved directly or indirectly with accessibility. Many online organizations such as End to Accessibility Organization (ETC) provide information and support for teens, their parents, and educators. Also school advocates can provide an array of services and information for teens. Another way to prevent accessibility from escalating could be by integrating more courses that deal with accessibility and bullying in general (Robinson, 2012).
The Crime Victim Policy should focus on providing teens with all the necessary tools that they need to succeed and overcome the negative experience of being targeted and bullied. The issue of accessibility has exceeded the traditional schoolyard bullying. It does not stop at the end of a school day. The Crime Victim Policy that I am proposing aims to protect those who are being erased, repeatedly and intentionally through the use of computers, cell phones, and other form of electronic devices.
The New York Penal Law’s aggravated harassment statute address any conduct that is done repeatedly with the intent to harass, annoy or alarm another person (NY Penal Law 5240. 31 however the law does not specifically address the type of harassment that take places on the Internet or other forms of online and computer communication. I would petition to add a clause to the N. Y. Penal Law that redefines the definition of harassment and penalty for accessibility. By enacting appropriate policies and amending existing laws, the issue of accessibility and consequent teen suicide, can be reduced.
The policies I would like to see put into place are: creating an enforceable anti-accessibility policy on all school grounds; and a policy that allocates funding to be specifically used by school technology departments to ensure teens are being cybercafé. Online attacks. Sometimes words can harm and hurt more than actions. The intention behind what is posted or said online can cause tremendous harm to someone; to the point where that person feels useless, powerless, scared, and their only option, so hey think, is to commit suicide (Llanos, 2012).