Contrary to popular beliefs, there is evidence suggesting hat Anta social behavior orders breach humanitarian conventions and the rights of individuals (MacDonald 2007:609-610). This review will focus on the harm that are caused on youth exploring the social as well as the psychological strains that Saba’s could produce on young people, investigate the possible human rights violations concerning its assertive tactics which could be limiting people’s rights, and discuss alternatives approaches and theories which could seem to be more effective then Gobos.
These three themes will be discussed in the perspective of a youth support worker. The Harms Caused A youth support worker must consider the social harms that Saba’s could have on young people because It has become a concern that anta social behavior orders are prejudicial to those exposed to them. For example, Fairfield (2005) conducted study on the Saba’s effects on nine youths. The results showed that Saba’s Is not effective and caused social distress among the youth, for instance, the youth felt hopeless on (Fairfield 2005:33-35).
In addition, Squire and Stephen (2008:229-230) had similar results, he found that youth would feel despair in expressing their side of the story, lending as though the police officer would discredit their story and consider any accusations as mere hearsay from the victim, this lead to feelings of frustration, self- injustice and indignation among the youth (Squire and Stephen 2008:229-230). However, Maguire’s research study (2013) emphasizes that Saba’s could be an effective strategy if it had rehabilitation perspective rather then Just a deterrent effect (McGuire 2013).
Fairfield and Squire offers a detailed exposition into what are the social transformation’s of a person subjected by Saba’s, and how it can cause drastic changes to a person’s life. Whereas Mac Quire’s argument fails to take notice the perception of a young person subject to Saba’s, and how it can be menacing on a young person’s life, therefore demonstrating a lack of information on the issue.
However, there are account of positives deriving from Saba’s, Marrow (2008), highlights that Saba’s could bring people to change their negative ways, the case study showed results of change in negative attitude of participants who underwent Saba’s (Marrow 2008). Marrows research shows that Saba’s can act as a reform to offenders, but he fails to recognize the long-term effects that it may cause in a arson, and how it could be criminological itself.
In its place, there is the turning view that Saba’s may be interfering with people’s liberty, and might be breaching international human rights. Human rights Breaches People’s freedom should be the most important factor concerning policies and law. A youth support worker needs to consider the humanity in Saba’s and if it is in breach of people’s liberties. Facilitating these orders has deterrent values, however there are thoughts that the Abs’s strategy has specific issues in violation of human rights conventions (Hewitt 2006:356-357).
For example, Samuels (2005) highlights that there are breaches within the convention of human rights article 6, where he states that Saba’s should not be treated as a civil matter, allowing hearsay evidence hence of its criminal sanctions attached to it, thus it should be taken into a criminal standard (Samuels 2005:223). Samuels offers a description of Saba’s failure to respect the central tenant of the legal system, which is the presumption of innocence.
Pearson (2006) had similar results, he explains that people involved in Saba’s are not tried under measurements of the Human rights Act, which focuses on innocence until rover guilty in contrast of that, the standard of proof regarding Saba’s is low, comprised of hearsay and police testimony (Pearson 2006:133-134). In addition, McGuire (2013), demonstrates that Saba’s concept of restorative Justice such as naming and shaming offenders, breaches the conventions on rights of the child article:1 5, where It states the liberty choices that children are entitled to which are contradicting with the anti behavior social orders (McGuire 2013).
Mac Guiro research shows broad validity, whereas the political implications are outlined as well as the social implications of such orders in a child’s life. From the established there is a lack of research on how Saba’s orders breaches individual rights by the vagueness of social, then it is applied as valid. This is important for the role of the youth support worker, because with such argument, there could be empirical evidence proving Saba’s does not fully take into account the interest of the individual.
After the measurements of the breach of rights in young people’s life, it is an important step to investigate different views of alternatives of helping young people, rather than relying on the Saba’s approach. Alternatives A youth support workers vocation is to help young people, it is to aid on making the individual’s situation a better one, not to make matters worse with hostile tactics. It is important to have different views in approaching young people’s problems.
For instance: Stephen and Squire (2005:519-520) underlines that the roots of anti social behavior may not be related to willful behavior, but a combination of mental health and psychological issues, this could determine a start a of rehabilitative approaches rather then a punitive approach into in aiding young people (Stephen and Squire 2005:519-520). In addition to the ineffectiveness of Saba’s, Stephens view of the rehabilitative approach coincides with the notion of the negativity and short term goals that Saba’s brings to young people, taking in consideration the social roots of anti social behavior.
McGuire, (2013) reported that bringing positive perspective of child’s rights and providing rehabilitative supports tends to lessen the risks of negative behavior in adulthood, rather then causing harm to a child’s social process with punitive consequences. (Mac guiro 2013). Furthermore, Hughes (2011 : 399-401) presents an alternative of Babes, which correlates with Mac Quires and Stephen rehabilitative views of Saba’s. He shows that the model of Victoria in Australia emphasizes on the individual, and considers their health and vulnerability.
It focuses on prevention of antisocial behavior by rehabilitation and support of the individual, taking in consideration of the needs of the individual and their mental health at uttermost importance (Hughes 2011:399-401). Hughes demonstrates the perception of standardization that Saba’s could have on young people, bring with this alternative and taking all paradigms of notions of the individual in perspective, therefore focusing on the individual’s best interest.
From what has been established from themes analyzed and conducted, it is clear to say that there are arguments against and for the Anti Social Behavior Order. There are various reasons as to the positives that could derive from Saba’s such as the aspect of reform it provides to offenders, and how it could change people. However, relating from the perspective of a youth support worker, one should take in consideration primarily on the individual’s well being. In relevance, from what has been discussed, there is empirical evidence suggesting that Saba’s could be prejudicial to young people and their individual rights.