In the course of the Islamic emporium, many achievements were made in the fields of math, science, art and literature. One achievement in the field of science were the new medical advances. A Persian scholar known as AY-Razz wrote the Comprehensive Book which drew medical knowledge from Greek, Syrian, Arabic and Indian sources. He also wrote Treatise on Smallpox and Measles. Many medical reference books were written too to gulled medical understanding. Based on Document #3, some books Included The Canon of Medicine which directed doctors of Europe and Southeast Asia for 600 years.
Another book was Al- Qualm’s work, The Method illustrated over 200 medical tools utilized in surgery. Next, Muslims made advancements in math. Although mathematics was popular in Greece, the Greeks such as Pythagoras and Aristotle used logical thinking over experimental thinking. The Muslims however conducted experiments to solve problems. A Muslim scholar, AY Swarming studied Indian sources rather than Greek, and in the sass, wrote a textbook about AY-Jab, today known as algebra (Document 4). Mathematics and Sciences did go hand in hand because many aspects of Algebra helped develop new astronomical inventions.
One of these inventions Included the astrolabe. The astrolabe was used to measure the angles of the sun and stars above the horizon. This was specifically helpful In marking trade routes throughout the middle east and contributed to the growth of the Islamic trading empire (Document 5). The Muslims also conducted many accomplishments in the subject of art and architecture. They adopted Calligraphy which is the art of beautiful handwriting. This was done to reflect the glory of Allah (swat) without depicting him or any of his disciples (Document 6).
Another member of he arts, Architecture played a huge role in cultural diffusion. The Muslims adopted the Byzantine dome and arch style of architecture and spread it across their mosques in the middle east. Many of these features can be seen such as the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem (Document 7). There are many reasons why the Muslims were able to pull off such great achievements. Some were Just as simple as the location of their empire and others were because of the Muslim and their character. One reason which helped the Muslims create such a vast array of contributions was their Interest of learning.
Document 1 ” Inkle Attlee reenacted a deep-seated curiously auto ten world and a quest for truth that reached back to Muhammad (buy) himself”. This inherently means that it is the religion that drove the Muslims to create such amazing contributions to the world; the need to calculate the times of prayer and direction of Mecca also drove the need for the astrolabe and armillary sphere. Another reason they were able to create these was because of their central location in partnership with their knowledge of trade and navigation. The central location made it easier to trade with the rest of the known world.
They were also excellent business people. The astrolabe they constructed helped them map trade routes which then helped spread and contribute. An additional motive as to why these contributions were successful is because the Muslims took ideas from cultures like Greece and India and expanded them further. An example would be Indian bone setting which turned into surgery in the Islamic Empire. They also wrote books in Arabic and translated them into Latin and other European languages. As the Muslims continued to make these achievements, they had significant impacts on the world.
One impact was that these contributions made traveling much easier. The astrolabe was used to map out stars which made trading much easier and allowed other countries to trade with the Muslims. Another impact these contributions had on the world was increased cultural diffusion. Because of inventions like the astrolabe and armillary sphere, travel was more common and Muslim culture diffused across Europe in places like Turkey and CORBA, Spain. Next, because of the contributions in science and arithmetic’s, the mathematics we use today are most similar to the Islamic empire’s achievements.
The AY-Jab or algebra created by AY-Razz and the concept of zero were all spread through the Muslim world. Lastly, on a more modern basis, the calligraphy and religious tolerance of the Muslims created a Muslim dominant middle east and it has been the hub for the Muslim world ever since. In conclusion, Throughout their reign, the Muslims added many new contributions to the world in fields of math, science, art and literature. They were able to fabricate magnificent contributions because of their central location, interest in learning and trading techniques.
These contributions impacted the world in a multitude of ways such as increasing cultural diffusion and new knowledge in science, math and literature. The Islamic empire emerged showing strong points in achievements and in cultural aspects as well. The achievements they brought together helped spread their culture and also expand their empire to the further reaches of Europe and Africa. Further, the blend of achievements and culture within the Islamic empire and the unity as a result of Islam created a vast empire that not only valued prosperity but also valued Islam as a unifying belief system