2013 Envirothon

swans and geese are what kind of bird?
waterfowl
they migrate in what season(s)?
fall and spring
what do they feed and rest on?
lakes and rivers
what do they use to reach underwater and eat plants with?
their long necks
what do they eat?
aquatic plants, insects and crustaceans.
What allows them to walk easily?
legs, set well back on the body
What do they do on land?
forage through farm fields, eating leftover crops like corn, soybeans, winter wheat, rye and barley
Why does it take so long for these birds to take flight?
they are large; they need to run on the surface of the water or land while beating their wings to build up enough speed to become airborne
How fast do they fly?
up to 50 miles per hour
What did the tundra swan used to be known as?
whistling swan, because of its whoo-whoo-whoo call
Describe the tundra swan.
large white birds with black bills and feet; bodies and wing span to 5 feet; up to 18 pounds; neck held straight; yellow spot in front of the eye
Where do tundra swans breed and nest?
Arctic tundra of Alaska and Canada; pairing in lifelong bonds.
What are young swans called?
cygnets
When can young swans fly?
two to three months
When and where can tundra swans be seen in PA?
In late September, family groups of up to 100 head south, flying at about 4500 feet altitude; during migration and wintering in Lancaster County and the Susquehanna River